The conflict between Russia and Ukraine has been ongoing for nearly a year, and the casualties are mounting. According to American officials, approximately 200,000 Russian troops have been killed or wounded in the conflict. This number is driven by heavy fighting in Bakhmut and Soledar in eastern Ukraine, where Russia is sending poorly trained recruits and convicts to the front lines in an effort to deplete Ukrainian artillery.

Though the casualty numbers are difficult to estimate and imprecise, Ukrainian officials have warned that Russia has amassed about 500,000 troops on the border in preparation for a new offensive push. In response, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has stated that Russia is “preparing to try to take revenge, not only against Ukraine, but against a free Europe and the free world.”

Despite the losses, Russia has seen some success in recent weeks, gaining ground around Bakhmut. As the first anniversary of the war approaches, it is clear that the conflict between Russia and Ukraine is far from over.